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Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is caused by plaque buildup on your teeth. This disease is usually painless but can do a lot of damage to your mouth if it is not taken care of. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria which constantly forms on our teeth and gum tissue.

Some factors increase your risk for periodontal disease. Some of these are:
— poor oral hygiene
— smoking or chewing tobacco
— genetics
— crooked teeth
— diabetes
— pregnancy
— some medications

It is especially important to have your regular dental appointments if you deal with any of the above. Be sure to brush your teeth twice a day for 2 minutes; floss once a day. The beginning stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible and can usually be dealt with effectively through a professional cleaning at Hanne Dental, followed with daily brushing twice a day and daily flossing.

The earlier you notice periodontal disease, the better. Advanced gum disease can lead to bone and tissue loss in your mouth, and is much more difficult to treat. Advanced gingivitis is also called periodontitis. Schedule an appointment with your dentist immediately if you suspect gum disease at any stage. For more information, call Hanne Dental in Edwardsville, Illinois, at 618-656-9700. Dr. Sharon Hanne and our team are happy to help!